It is common knowledge to know about English borrowing from languages all over the world but did you know that so many English words derive from India that there is a 1,000 page dictionary on it? These borrowings date back to the colonial period and are often labelled “Anglo-Indian”. We selected 10 such words from an exhaustive list to choose from that will make you go, “I didn’t know that”.
The word punch derives from the Sanskrit word panch, which means ‘five’, as the drink was originally made with five ingredients: alcohol, sugar, lemon, water, and tea or spices. Punch, as we know it today, was brought to England from India by employees of the British India Company in the early 17th century.
The word blighty is a term of endearment among British troops stationed in Colonial India to describe Britain. The term originates from the Hindi word vilayati meaning ‘foreign’.
Shampoo derived from the Hindi term champu, dating to 1762. When Indian elders wanted a massage they would ask their servants to champu their scalp.
The English term navigation originates from Hindi words naav meaning ‘boat’ and gati meaning ‘movement’.
Bungalow originates from the Indian term bangla literally meaning ‘a house in the Bengal style’. Such houses were traditionally small, only one storey and detached, much like how we know and describe a bungalow in English today.
The English term cot for a child’s portable bed derives from the Hindi word khat, meaning ‘bedstead’ or ‘hammock’. It arrived in the English language during the 17th century.
The term pyjamas is used to describe loose fitting sleeping clothes and derives from the Hindi word payjamah, meaning ‘leg garment’. The worldwide use of the word came as the result of British presence in South Asia in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The English term juggernaut used to describe an unstoppable and crushing force or object, originates from the Hindi word jagannatha, meaning ‘Lord of the world’.
The word bandana for a fashionable handkerchief tied around the head or neck is borrowed from the Hindi term bandhna, which means to tie.
Another article of clothing that originates from India is the cummerbund, a broad sash that is worn around the waist as part of formal dress, with a dinner jacket. The word originated in the 1610s and comes from the Hindi kamarband, meaning ‘waist band’.